Hesam Kamalipour is a PhD Candidate and Research Assistant in Urban Design at the University of Melbourne. He is also a Doctoral Academy member at the Melbourne Social Equity Institute. His research focuses on the challenge of understanding the morphologies and incremental transformations of informal settlements in a global context by exploring multiple case studies of informal settlements and upgrading processes in Southeast Asia, South Asia, and South America. His current research interests include informal urbanism, urban morphology, and incrementalism.